Also the United States sought a port in the Philippines, but made no mention of further acquisitions there. General Merritt was suspicious of this deal, but on 13 August, after the American troops moved through a line of defenses north of Manila, the Spanish garrison surrendered to Dewey.
During the summer he succeeded in gaining control of extensive territory in Luzonand his forces sought to seize Manila. Spanish honor demanded defense of its overseas possessions, including Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
In order to assure the world that it was fighting only for the good of Cuba and not for colonial gain, the US passed the Teller Amendment, which promised to make Cuba independent after the war was over. Congress passed a resolution, the Teller Amendmentthat foreswore any intention of annexing Cuba.
Underlying strong Spanish opposition to Cuban freedom was the traditional belief that God had granted Spain its empire, of which Cuba was the principal remaining area, as a reward for the conquest of the Moors.
Supporters of annexation argued that Hawaii was vital to the U. The rebellion lasted over a year, until March ofwhen the US captured Aguinaldo. The first line was centered on the San Juan Heights, but only five hundred troops were assigned to defend the place.
For more information, please see the full notice. The US, which had many businessmen with investment interests in Cuba, became concerned. The Spanish government rejected the U.
Spain was forced to accept the U. Operations began in southeastern Cuba but soon spread westward. Three defensive lines were created west of the The spanish american war of 1898 essay to deal with the American advance. Spain had large garrisons in Cuba and the Philippines, but its navy was poorly maintained and much weaker than that of the U.
One force would attack El Caney, a strong point of the Spanish left to eliminate the possibility of a flank attack on the main American effort, aimed at the San Juan Heights. On December 10,the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the war.
The Spanish inquiry decided that an internal explosion had destroyed the vessel, but the American investigation claimed an external source.
While the Spanish American was eventually incepted as a result of the sinking of the USS Maine, it must be considered that ties between the two nations had been growing hostile for quite a considerable period of time before the sinking.
On February 15, the Maine mysteriously blew up. It would also be relevant to here acknowledge the fact that one of the more relevant features of this war was that it was, practically exclusively, a war that was waged upon water.
Ina group of Hawaii-based planters and businessmen led a coup against Queen Liliuokalani and established a new government.
To this end he engaged in shadowy negotiations with a new Spanish governor in Manila and the Roman Catholic Bishop of the city. The sinking of the USS Maine was rendered an especially significant disaster as a result of the fact that the battleship had been sent to the waters of Havana so as to ensure the safety of US citizens on the island in addition to overseeing possible revolutions.
The battleship was sent to Havana during the first month of the yearone of the prime factors for this initiative on the part of the US navy being to protect American interests within and during the long-standing revolt of the Cubans against the Spanish government.
The Spanish intended to make their principal defense closer to the city. Neither nation had desired war but both had made preparations as the crisis deepened after the sinking of the Maine. Prewar planning in the U. These possessions happened to include the Philippine Islands and Cuba as key portions of the principal remaining area of this empire Trask, In February two events crystallized U.
The navy urged a different course, suggesting an attack on the narrow channel connecting the harbor of Santiago de Cuba to the sea. In both instances the intervention of the United States was the culminating event.
The Cuban leadership resisted this measure, convinced that continued armed resistance would lead to independence. Meanwhile the fifth Army Corps was hastily shipped to Long Island to recuperate while volunteer regiments continued the occupation of Cuba commanded by General Leonard Wood.
The board of inquiry that the US Navy subsequently set up eventually came to the conclusion that the explosion had been caused by the detonation of a mine under the vessel.
It faced opposition from various domestic political groups that might exploit the Cuban affair by precipitating revolution at home. General Blanco Neilp. The war began with two American successes.
Upon the commencement of hostilities, on the orders of Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt, Commodore Dewey immediately attacked Manila harbor in the Philippines.
Spain sought diplomatic support from the great powers of Europe, but its long-standing isolation and the strength of the U.The end of the nineteenth century saw the birth of a new American attitude and ideology.
The events that led up to the Spanish American War in and the results of it changed America's view of expansion. The war with Spain was not fought over territory but for Cuban independence, yet war and the /5(5). A Guide to the Spanish-American War This collection features 68 motion pictures produced between and of the Spanish-American War and the subsequent Philippine Revolution.
The Spanish-American War was the first U.S. war in which the motion picture camera played a role. supplemented by an overview essay about the. Jan 07, · The Spanish-American War was an conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in U.S.
acquisition of territories in the western. One hundred years ago, inthe United States was fighting the Spanish-American War.
The victory over Spain made the United States a colonial power. The Spanish colonies of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines, as well as the formerly independent nation of Hawaii, became American 3/5(6). An Introduction to the Spanish American War of The sparking of warfare between two or more parties that tend to clash with each other upon the pretext of a particular contention in possible concern to racial, political or national ideological is something that the world has experienced frequently over the course of written history.4/4(1).
History Research Paper: The Spanish-American War. Why did the United States get involved in a war with Spain in ? Essay Zoo. The Spanish-American War (Research Paper Sample) In the eve of Januarythe Americans sent a US battleship Maine to the Havanna harbour and were under strict instructions to protect .Download