Scholarly analysis of a figure skating

Stride frequency and length measurements Authors recorded the kinematics of the right leg and the trunk of three participants by means of two inertial sensors Xsens MT9; Enschede, The Netherlands.

DeLoca Adams, Mary Louise.

Readers will want to come to the aid of her argument that says we would do well to encourage more effeminacy in our culture.

Bone skate speeds appear to lay in quite a limited range and, in terms of metabolic cost, skating on them was about twice as demanding as walking on firm terrain; nevertheless, skating on bones might have been safer than walking on ice.

At low speeds, air resistance could be considered negligible, whilst for the fastest speed adopted with the modern skates 9.

Discussion The present study provided evidence for the energetic demand of skating on ice in different eras. You are not currently authenticated. Who is not numb from the monotony of unnecessary violence in male sport? Moreover, all the participants taking part in this study subjectively chose an upright posture when travelling at the slowest speeds while leaning slightly forward at high speeds.

Its tradition uses classical music, odd costumes, sequins, and sometimes fancy feathers. Differences between the skate models Stride frequencies and lengths are summarized in Table 2which also gives the level of significance for differences between skates models and, hence, historical periods.

As soon as technology evolved, in approximately the 13th century, ice skates also enabled humans to travel at speeds that could not be achieved by walking, and at lower metabolic costs.

Since limited scholarly attention has been paid to the year history of artistic-skating, Mary Louise Adams has presented an especially detailed and layered analysis when compared to all previous skating histories.

Time courses of values recorded from the gyroscopes during the last three minutes of each trial were used to calculate stride frequency and, by knowing the mean speed of progression, stride length.

The independence between cost and speed is also graphically clear when looking at the points representing the cost of modern ice-skating, within the four speeds tested. Artistic Impressions is an important book and a long-overdue contribution to the history of figure skating.

View popup Table 2.

Units of measure were converted from ml O2 to J, according to the respiratory exchange ratio see text for further details. The widespread presence of water, and thus the numerous frozen lakes in winter, together with the advantage given by pulling a load while skating rather than carrying it by foot, seems to explain why humans first began skating on ice.

Nowadays, ice-skating is about one-third cheaper than running on firm terrain, and for a given metabolic power much higher speeds can be sustained; only cycling on modern racing bicycles allows for faster travelling.

In this perspective, performing the experiments outdoor could have non-systematically biased the results, making it difficult to understand how much of the observed differences were associated with the skate models or environmental elements. For a given mass-specific metabolic power, faster speeds are achieved on more recent skates by means of longer strides performed at low frequency.

Data referring to walking, running and riding a racing bicycle on firm terrain are shown for the sake of comparison and were taken from previous publications Cavagna and Kaneko, ; Capelli et al.

It seems clear how the development of ice skates has aimed at reducing the resistance opposed by the ice, taking advantage of more suitable materials and shapes.

Throughout the book, Stojko is a key focus of comparison to those more effeminate male skaters who come later.

View freely available titles: Unfortunately, at present, literature does not exactly provide strong evidence from this perspective because of the different methods and conditions in which the cost of ice-skating has been measured Houdijk et al. This assumption is supported by evidence reported in a paper by de Koning et al.

On the other hand, this could be partially compensated by the lower resistance to progression offered by prepared ice rather than by natural ice. Measuring the partitioning of the energy needed to move and to balance is a difficult task in studies about animal locomotion:Scholarly Analysis of a Figure Skating Article Essay Scholarly Article January 31st, Mary Louise Adams’ “The Manly History of a 'Girls' Sport': Gender, Class and the Development of Nineteenth-Century Figure Skating” is an article that sheds light on the role that gender played on figure skating throughout the nineteenth century.

Scholarly Analysis of a Figure Skating Article Essay Class and the Development of Nineteenth-Century Figure Skating” is an article that sheds light on the role that gender played on figure skating throughout the nineteenth century.

Scholarly Analysis of a Figure Skating Article. by Prof | Feb 4, | Uncategorized. Analysis of a Scholarly Article (2 Pages | Words) Mary Louise Adams’ “The Manly History of a ‘Girls’ Sport’: Gender, Class and the Development of Nineteenth-Century Figure Skating” is an article that sheds light on the role that gender played on figure.

Artistic Impressions is an important book and a long-overdue contribution to the history of figure skating. Since limited scholarly attention has been paid to the year history of artistic-skating, Mary Louise Adams has presented an especially detailed and layered analysis when compared to all previous skating histories.

Human locomotion on ice: the evolution of ice-skating energetics through history Federico Formenti, Alberto E. Minetti Journal of Experimental Biology ; doi: /jeb Scholarly Analysis of a Figure Skating Article Essay Amanda HIST Analysis of a Scholarly Article January 31st, Mary Louise Adams’ “The Manly History of a 'Girls' Sport': Gender, Class and the Development of Nineteenth-Century Figure Skating” is an article that sheds light on the role that gender played on figure skating throughout.

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Scholarly analysis of a figure skating
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